DeFosset 2018* – DeFosset AR, Gase LN, Lu C, Bell R, Kuo T. Distribution, features and degree of community awareness and use of formal shared use sites in Los Angeles. Preventive medicine. 2018;111(September 2017):163-169. Developed with the law firm Field Fisher Waterhouse LLP, this community use agreement template reflects our extensive knowledge and recent practice in creating, implementing and managing AUCs. It is intended to provide the basis for the development of agreements for a number of different educational institutions. ALR-Shulaker 2015 – Shulaker B, owned by K. SPARK Parks: Monitoring the implementation and impact of schoolyards that have become community parks. Annual Conference 2015 active living research (ALR).
2015. This should help ensure well-managed and secure community access to sports facilities in educational institutions. As interest in addressing childhood obesity grows, so is the demand for more community recreational facilities. As a first step, parents and community members can request access to these public facilities by asking their school and municipality officials to enter into a sharing agreement. The provision of school facilities or school grounds to the community has the potential to improve the built environment and public health of the community. The use of school facilities that would not otherwise be used after school hours allows for a more efficient use of public space and money, as well as an almost effortless strategy against childhood obesity. The Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) and the American Youth Soccer Organization (AYSO) have a sharing agreement and, as part of their agreement, AYSO recruits participants from the LAUSD attendance area and awards scholarships to students who lack economic resources (FSUW-Shared use 2014). One study suggests that formal sharing agreements are more common in large school districts, urban areas, and the West than in the Midwest, South, and Northeast (Everett Jones 2015). Many educational institutions have very good sports facilities, which are often not sufficiently used outside normal school hours.
Therefore, we want to increase the availability of sports facilities for the wider community when they are not used by the main user. Such cases may include where safeguarding and/or improving shared use is proposed as one of the measures to ensure adequate replacement and/or risk reduction where existing playgrounds or other sports facilities could be affected. This weakening may be necessary so that we do not formally disagree or withdraw our objection to a proposed development. The good news is that city, county, and city governments can work with school districts through so-called joint use agreements to address these concerns. California research provides seven steps to effectively develop shared-use partnerships, including identifying needs and partners, building relationships and policy support in the local community, formalizing partnerships, and monitoring the agreement`s ongoing communication, progress, and impact (Cooper 2008). Strong sharing agreements can include compensation and insurance provisions, explicit remedies for violations, comprehensive provisions on facility sharing, and the creation of a joint use committee to oversee implementation (FSUW-Shared Use 2014). Additional outreach activities may be needed to improve access for underserved community members, in addition to school-aged youth (Stein, 2015a). A study of Ohio schools suggests that informal sharing agreements are more common than formal agreements. Experts recommend that organizations wishing to enter into formal agreements with schools, examples of written agreements, cost management plans, and recent research on the relationship between physical activity and academic and learning performance to support their proposal (Chace 2015*). CDC-JUA Spotlight AR – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Increase physical activity through sharing agreements in the spotlight: Arkansas. Maddock 2008 – Maddock J, Choy LB, Nett B, McGurk MD, Tamashiro R. Improving Access to Places for Physical Activity through a Sharing Agreement: A Case Study in Urban Honolulu. Prevention of chronic diseases. 2008;5(3):A91. AHRQ HCIE-Martin – Martin C. The school system is renovating the high school track and promoting its availability to the community, resulting in increased use by students and residents. Rockville: AHRQ Health Care Innovations Exchange.
FSUW-Shared Use 2014 – Framework for Shared Use Workgroup (FSUW). Establish evidence: Establish a framework for assessing the costs and impacts of sharing agreements. Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, ChangeLab Solutions, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Public Health Law Research. 2014. There will be other cases where we may not need AUC, but propose to develop one to provide certainty and clarity about intentions in terms of access to the community. There is evidence that sharing arrangements increase opportunities for physical activity (NPAP, Vincent 2010, Maddock 2008, Lafleur 2013, Slater 2014*, ALR-Shulaker 2015). Such agreements are also a proposed strategy to increase physical activity (OIM-Government Obesity Prevention 2009*, TFAH-Levi 2014, CDC-Zoning physical activity). .